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  • 無菌室裝修設計的標準有哪些?
    來源:http://www.relexus.com 瀏覽: 發布日期:2020-12-25
    無菌室一般也可以稱為接種室,是係統接種、純化菌種等無菌操作專用的實驗室。在微生物工作中,菌種的接種移植是一項主要操作,這項操作的特點就是要保證菌種純種,防止雜菌的汙染。因此無菌室的裝修是十分重要的。下麵為您介紹下無菌室裝修設計的規範。
    Aseptic room, also known as inoculation room, is a special laboratory for systematic inoculation, purification of bacteria and other aseptic operations. In the microbial work, the inoculation and transplantation of bacteria is a main operation. The characteristic of this operation is to ensure the purity of bacteria and prevent the pollution of miscellaneous bacteria. Therefore, the decoration of aseptic room is very important. The following is to introduce the aseptic room decoration design specifications.
    無菌室應根據既經濟又科學的原則來設置。其基本要求有以下幾點:
    Aseptic room should be set up according to the principle of economy and science. The basic requirements are as follows:
    (1)無菌室應有內、外兩間,內間是無菌室,外間是緩衝室。房間容積不宜過大,以便於空氣滅菌。內間麵積2×2.5=5m2,外間麵積1×2=2m2,高以2.5m以下為宜,都應有天花板。
    無菌室裝修
    (1) There should be two sterile rooms inside and outside. The inside is sterile room and the outside is buffer room. The room volume should not be too large for air sterilization. The area of the inner room is 2 × 2.5 = 5m2, the area of the outer room is 1 × 2 = 2M2, and the height is less than 2.5m. There should be ceiling.
    (2)內間應當設拉門,以減少空氣的波動,門應設在離工作台比較遠的位置上;外間的門也用拉門,要設在距內間比較遠的位置上。
    (2) The inner room should be equipped with sliding door to reduce the fluctuation of air, and the door should be set far away from the workbench; the outer room should also be equipped with sliding door, which should be set far away from the inner room.
    (3)在分隔內間與外間的牆壁或“隔扇”上,應開一個小窗,作接種過程中必要的內外傳遞物品的通道,以減少人員進出內間的次數,降低汙染程度。小窗寬60cm、高40cm、厚30cm,內外都掛對拉的窗扇。
    (3) In order to reduce the number of people passing in and out of the wall, a partition should be made between the inside and outside windows. The small window is 60cm in width, 40cm in height and 30cm in thickness, and the inside and outside are hung with opposite sashes.
    (4)無菌室容積小而嚴密,使用一段時間後,室內溫度很高,故應設置通氣窗。通氣窗應設在內室進門處的頂棚上(即離工作台比較遠的位置),建議為雙層結構,外層為百葉窗,內層可用抽板式窗扇。通氣窗可在內室使用後、滅菌前開啟,以流通空氣。有條件可安裝恒溫恒濕機。
    (4) The volume of aseptic room is small and tight. After using for a period of time, the indoor temperature is very high, so ventilation window should be set. The ventilation window should be set on the ceiling at the entrance of the inner room (i.e. the position far away from the worktable). It is suggested that it should be a double-layer structure, the outer layer should be a shutter, and the inner layer can be a plate type window sash. The ventilation window can be opened after use and before sterilization to circulate air. If possible, a constant temperature and humidity machine can be installed.
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