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  • 實驗室裝修物料淨化應該注意什麽?
    來源:http://www.relexus.com 瀏覽: 發布日期:2020-10-28
    潔淨車間設計的物料淨化主要是針對原材料、半成品、工具設備等的運輸和傳遞過程中對其進行的清潔處理。物料出入口與人員出入口應分別獨立設置。
    The material purification of clean workshop design is mainly for the cleaning treatment of raw materials, semi-finished products, tools and equipment in the process of transportation and transmission. Material access and personnel access should be set separately.
    物料在清潔準備間內經過清潔後,應該如何繼續輸送下去?主要取決於產品生產工藝流程的要求,它直接影響著清潔準備間的位置選擇。物料一般應經過氣閘間進人潔淨室(區),氣閘間往往和潔淨室內(區)相毗鄰或者就在潔淨區內,所以其室內空氣壓力應與潔淨生產區之間保持一個合理的壓差。使淨化空氣從潔淨生產區流向準備間。
    How to continue to transport materials after cleaning in the cleaning preparation room mainly depends on the requirements of product production process, which directly affects the locations selection of cleaning preparation room. Generally, materials should enter the clean room (area) through the airlock room, which is usually adjacent to or in the clean area. Therefore, the indoor air pressure should be kept at a reasonable pressure difference between the clean production area and the air lock room. Make the purified air flow from clean production area to preparation room.
    如果車間內生產流水性強或為了防止不同等級的潔淨室(區)間相互汙染或交叉汙染或生產工藝要求防止不必要的交叉汙染,物料在潔淨室之間按照規定工藝流程通過傳遞窗或者其他裝置依次傳遞。
    實驗室裝修
    If the production flow in the workshop is strong, or in order to prevent the mutual pollution or cross pollution between different levels of clean rooms (areas), or to prevent unnecessary cross pollution according to the production process requirements, the materials shall be transferred successively between the clean rooms through the transfer window or other devices according to the specified process flow.
    為了適應產品、中間產品在工序之間進行物料傳遞的不同情況,使用的傳遞窗也有不同的類型。一般多為兩道平開門式的箱式傳遞窗,往往將兩道門作成機械聯鎖開關,即一道門處於關閉狀態時,另一道門才能開啟;也有的簡化為非聯鎖式,依靠使用人員自行管理;在藥品生產工廠采用箱體內部設置紫外燈用於對 傳遞物進行滅菌;在開關頻繁或者開啟較長時間的情況下,有的還在箱體內設置有過濾器的空氣幕。
    In order to adapt to the different situations of material transfer between products and intermediate products, different types of transfer windows are used. Generally, the two doors are usually used as mechanical interlocking switches, that is, when one door is closed, the other door can be opened; some are simplified as non interlocking type, which depends on the user's self-management; in drug production plants, ultraviolet lamp is set inside the box to sterilize the transfer materials; the other door is opened only when one door is closed; In the case of frequent switching or opening for a long time, some air curtain with high efficiency filter is also set in the box.
    無菌潔淨室中經常使用通過式滅菌設備來傳遞物料,此類設備大多為電熱或蒸汽加熱,設備一端從有菌區開門,輸入物料後經過一段加熱滅菌後再從無菌室內開啟另一端門取出物料。
    In aseptic clean room, through type sterilization equipment is often used to transfer materials. Most of these equipment are electric heating or steam heating. One end of the equipment opens the door from the bacteria area. After the input of materials, it is heated and sterilized for a period of time, and then the material is taken out from the sterile room by opening the door at the other end.
    此外,流水作業時,有的需要在潔淨宰隔牆上開孔,以不斷穿牆輸出成品,於是孔洞處即成為室內淨化的一個薄弱環節。一般處理辦法是增加室內正壓,或者河時在孔洞上方設置氣幕裝置;當運輸小件物品時,例如無菌室的分裝藥瓶,也可以在保證室內正壓的情況下將傳送帶分別設在孔洞的兩側,洞口設紫外線燈。
    In addition, during the flow process, some need to open holes on the clean partition wall to continuously output finished products through the wall, so the hole becomes a weak link of indoor purification. The general treatment method is to increase the indoor positive pressure, or set up air curtain device above the hole in the river; when transporting small articles, such as the sub charging bottles in the sterile room, the conveyor belt can be set on both sides of the hole under the condition of ensuring the indoor positive pressure, and the hole is equipped with ultraviolet lamp.
    總之,在物淨的區劃設計中需要使其與工藝流程、淨化空調係統的布置以及物料的傳遞特點等有機結合起來。同時物淨路線應簡潔、明確;避免往返、過多曲折和交叉;空間盡量開敞通順,並應與安全出入口和參觀線路等一起考慮。
    In a word, it is necessary to combine it with the process flow, the layout of purification air conditioning system and the characteristics of material transfer. At the same time, the physical and clean route should be concise and clear; avoid going back and forth, too many twists and turns and intersections; the space should be as open and smooth as possible, and should be considered together with the safe access and visiting routes.